- Telangana the newly formed landlocked state is endowed with bountiful resources, fertile soils and diversified cropping patterns. Agriculture is a way of life, a tradition that has shaped the culture and economic life of the people of Telangana.
- Higher growth in Agriculture assumes greater importance to achieve sustained economic growth and overall well being of state’s population.
- Recognizing the importance of Agriculture, the Government has emphasized the need to achieve higher growth rate and increased returns on investment to the farmers.
- The Horticulture sector encompasses a wide range of crops namely fruit crops, vegetables crops, flower crops, spices and plantation crops.
- While the first few Five Year Plans assigned priority to achieving self sufficiency in food grain production, over the years, horticulture has emerged as an indispensable part of agriculture, offering a wide range of choices to the farmers for crop diversification.
- With increase in emphasis on Horticulture Development, there had been a felt need to have a separate horticulture division at Centre i.e., ICAR, Govt of India to perform planning and monitoring & control functions for horticulture development programme. Horticulture Division was finally carved out from Crop Division of DAC at the Centre in the year 1981.
Major Schemes Implemented by the Department:
1. Per Drop More Crop (PDMC -PMKSY) – Micro Irrigation.
2. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) (60:40)
3. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) (60:40)
4. NFSM – Oil Palm (60:40)
- Mulberry cultivation, Silkworm rearing are Agriculture in nature whereas Silk Reeling, Silk Twisting and weaving activities are industrial in nature.
- Expansion of mulberry which was only 3176 acres during 2014 has been raised to 11,583 acres up to October 2019
- Cocoon production which was only 699 MTs and silk production was 105 MTs during 2014
- During 2018-19, 214.14 MTs of Silk was produced by consuming 1435.08 MTs of cocoons within the state
- Production incentive of Rs.75/- per kg of Cocoons is given to
sericulture farmers in addition to their market price and this is
applicable for the cocoons disposed anywhere in India.
- State Govt is giving a Silk production incentive to the reelers
@ Rs.80/- per kg to MERU (Multi-end Reeling Unit) silk and
Rs.105/- to ARM (Automatic Reeling Machine) silk.
- Telangana is the first state to cover the Tasar rearing under
convergence with MG NREGS, there by tasar farmer will get 145 mandays covering (2) beneficiaries per family i.e., Rs.62,000/-additional income besides income from regular tasar crop.
- For Mulberry bush plantation Rs.1.13 lakhs of which 1st year Rs.41500/- & year 2nd & 3rd year Rs . 36,000/- each is provided under MGNREGS. For Silkworm Rearing Shed construction Rs.1.03lakhs is provided of which Rs. 1.00 lakhs material component and 3000/- wage component is also provided under convergence with MGNREGS
CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEMES – 2019-20
A. SCSP – Rs. 285.35 Lakhs (CSB: State:Beneficiary) – 65:25:10
a) Development of Mulberry plantation Charges
b) Rearing equipment
d) Silkworm rearing houses
e) Kisan Nurseries
f) Chawki Rearing Centres.
B. TSP- Rs. 76.70 Lakhs (CSB: State:Beneficiary) – 65:25:10
a) Kisan Nurseries
b) Development of Mulberry plantation Charges 40
c) Rearing equipment
e) Silkworm rearing houses
f) Chawki Rearing Centers.
C. GENERAL – Rs. 394.995 lakhs (CSB: State:Beneficiary) 50:25:25
b) Silk worm Rearing House
c) Rearing Equipment
d) Chawki Rearing Centres.
e) Establishment of Multi-end Reeling Unit
f) Establishment of Automatic Reeling Unit